Smoking during pregnancy
Significance of this indicator:
Smoking during pregnancy exposes the baby to toxic chemicals like nicotine, carbon monoxide and tar that can decrease the amount of oxygen the baby receives. Women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to experience pregnancy complications and stillbirth.
Babies born to women who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to be underweight for the number of weeks of pregnancy and to be born: with birth defects such as cleft lip or palate, prematurely, and at low birth weight. Babies born prematurely and at low birth weight are at risk of lifelong disabilities (including cerebral palsy, intellectual disabilities and learning problems) and even death (March of Dimes).
How we are doing:
The percent of births for which women reported smoking during pregnancy in Pueblo County has been nearly seven to nine percentage points higher than state figures from 2008 through 2010. While the rate of smoking during pregnancy among Pueblo women has decreased in 2010 from the prior year, the rates remain higher than the 2008 figure. In contrast, the rates for Colorado have slightly decreased from 2008 to 2010 (8.7 percent to 8.1 percent).
From 2010 to 2011, Pueblo's percentage of births for which women reported smoking during pregnancy decreased by over two percentage points. In 2012, this rate for Pueblo increased back to the rate it was in 2010. The state's rates decreased by seven-tenths of a percentage point from 2010 to 2011 and continued at that same rate in 2012. While the difference between Pueblo and Colorado's rate was less than seven percentage points in 2011, it increased back to nine percentage points in 2012.
Pueblo's percentage of births for which women reported smoking during pregnancy decreased by seven-tenths of a percentage point from 2012 to 2013. Colorado as a whole also decreased from the year 2012 to 2013, but Colorado had a smaller percentage of decrease than Pueblo for 2013.
Pueblo's percentage of births for which women reported smoking during pregnancy decreased by over two percentage points from 2013 to 2014. Pueblo has a greater decrease than Colorado as a whole, who also decreased about four-tenths of a percentage point from the year 2013 to 2014.
What the data tell us:
Births in which women reported smoking during pregnancy on infant's birth certificate per 100 live births.
Health Statistics Section, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Provided by the Colorado Children's Campaign and/or National KIDS Count Program.
Data are most likely underreported on birth certificates across the state due to mothers knowing they shouldn't smoke during pregnancy.